Osteoporosis is a disease that affects our skeleton. In osteoporosis, demineralization of the skeleton leads to loss of bone structure and ultimately to decreased load-bearing capacity of the bones. The disparity between the load and the load-bearing capacity of the bones further increases bone fragility and raises the risk for fracture, especially that of the spinal column, femoral neck and wrist.
Osteoporosis has been included in the list of the ten most important diseases by the World Health Organization (WHO).
If osteoporosis and its aftereffects – the fractures and the ensuing decrease in quality of life – are to lose its threatening character, it is important to not only practice effective prophylaxis, but also to determine the bone density early using a reliable method.
Today, there are different methods for determining bone density. These vary in their accuracy. The WHO recommends x-ray measurement by the so-called DXA or dual energy x-ray absorptiometry method, which is also employed in our practice. The examination takes only ten minutes and exposes the patient to a very low dose of radiation. For the measurement, two x-ray beams of different strengths are sent through the bone tissue in the lumbar spinal area or the thigh. The amount of radiation that penetrates the bone is dependent on the density of the bone. The mineral content of the bone is then calculated by a computer.
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Orthopädie im GesundheitsZentrum
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Stationary at the St. Josef Clinic, Königstein