Illustration 1 • Position: the operative leg is flexed
Illustration 2 • Two front accesses: arthroscope and instrument inserted to treat interior meniscus
Illustration 3 • Three front accesses: arthroscope, grasping forceps and surgical scissors inserted to remove portion of interior meniscus
In arthroscopic surgeries, the knee joint is easily accessible. Two or three small openings suffice to perform all important arthroscopic procedures. With the patient in dorsal position, the operative knee is flexed.
Position of the patient for arthroscopic procedure: thigh fixed in leg holder with knee joint flexed as basic position for hanging leg procedure. Abducted position of other extremity with knee flexed. Water-resistant sterile cover.
The arthroscope is connected to a video tower so that the interior of the joint appears greatly enlarged on a big monitor.